The mission in Afghanistan was one of the major issues that Joe Biden had to deal with after becoming the US President. His predecessor, Donald Trump, had previously negotiated a deal with the Taliban, an Afghan fundamentalist Islamic group, in which they pledged to...
Law Enforcement Versus Cybercrime

Law Enforcement Versus Cybercrime

Various crimes occur every now and then both in the real and online word. The most common type of cybercrime is fraud. It is evolving at a very fast pace as well as becoming more and more complex. Apart from that, there are other crimes and offenses, such as...
90 Years of the Polish Cipher Bureau

90 Years of the Polish Cipher Bureau

A very modern solution, applied during the establishment of the Cipher Bureau, was to hire mathematicians to work at the key posts. This idea, then innovative in Europe, had been earlier implemented in the United States. One of the first people employed in the Signal...
Illegal Migration: A New Weapon?

Illegal Migration: A New Weapon?

Now thousands of migrants are flocking to tiny Lithuania. Lithuania’s parliament––a NATO and EU nation––has voted in August 2021 to build a fence on the most vulnerable section of its border. It will run for 550 kilometers (340 miles) to protect Lithuania––a...
Eastern Europe, Huawei and 5G

Eastern Europe, Huawei and 5G

Geopolitics of the 21st Century: The 5G Race The traditional understanding of geopolitical competition defined by the control over natural resources and territories has been blurring as the significance of technologies like 5G increases.[1] The fifth-generation...